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Extract from www.fishonline.org

What you can do to save fish

With many fish species in jeopardy here's your guide to which to eat and which to avoid, compiled by the Marine Conservation Society

13 species to eat with a clearer conscience

Black Bream: No evidence that the fishery in the Channel is unsustainable.

Bib or Pouting: is widespread and common in British inshore waters. They are short lived and have a high reproductive rate.

Salmon: there are a number of issues relating to the farming of salmon. Choose organically farmed salmon or salmon from Freedom Food certified farms only, to ensure that high environmental and welfare standards are met.

Oysters: Areas once noted for their large native oyster beds are now being used for oyster farming or cultivation including non-native species such as the Pacific oyster which are currently more widely cultivated than the native oyster.

Pacific cod: The Pacific cod fishery is reported to be well-managed with healthy stocks.

King Scallops: are hand-collected by divers this is a more selective method of capture which causes no damage to the seabed.

Mahi Mahi: or common dolphin fish is a short-lived species from the Pacific and can sustain fishing provided stocks are managed responsibly.

Cuttlefish: are widespread and have a high reproductive rate.

Dab: is a common species not commercially fished.

Dublin Bay prawn or Scampi: Choose pot or creel caught rather than trawl caught fish. Creel fishing is more selective and the catch of better quality.

Red gurnard: is a fast growing fish and matures early at a large size.

Spider crab: tangle nets are mainly used. There is no by-catch of non-target species and small crabs may be returned to the sea alive.

Lythe or Pollack: is widely distributed in European waters.

Marine Conservation Society 2002 (www.fishonline.org)

14 species to avoid

Plaice: is a long-lived species subject to high fishing pressure. Most stocks are now over fished

Tuna: All commercially fished species (except yellowfin and skipjack) are listed by IUCN - World Conservation Union as Data Deficient or Vulnerable.

Sharks (which include dogfish) are vulnerable to over fishing as a result of their reproductive strategy; they grow slowly; mature late; produce few young and are long-lived.

Haddock: is assessed as Vulnerable by IUCN -The World Conservation Union.

Marlin: Marlin is heavily fished and both Atlantic species are at low levels. White marlin is the most threatened and is in danger of extinction.

Golden eye perch: Because of its aggregating behaviour this deep-water species is susceptible to exploitation.

Swordfish: Swordfish is over-fished and vulnerable to over-exploitation they mature late and take a long time to reach past population.

Grouper: Many species of grouper are over fished. Cyanide is widely used to capture grouper; the use of this and other poisons degrades coral reefs.

Orange Roughy: Orange roughy is long-lived - may live for up to 125 years - and particularly vulnerable to exploitation.

Snapper: Snapper are overfished generally and locally. Some species are listed by IUCN - World Conservation Union as vulnerable.

Tiger prawn: Trawl fisheries for wild-caught tropical prawns account for about one third of the world's by-catch. As much as 10 kgs of by-catch is discarded for every kg of prawn landed.

Wolfish: Wolfish is a slow growing fish that would be quickly affected by heavy fishing.

Ling: Ling is a deep-water species that occupies a habitat vulnerable to exploitation and the impacts of trawling.

Grey mullet: Grey mullet is a slow growing fish and therefore vulnerable to over-fishing.

Marine Conservation Society 2005 (www.fishonline.org)

Whichtable.com 2007
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